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FCL.725 Provisions for the issue of class and type ratings

Applicants for a class or type rating must complete a training course at an ATO. Applicants for a class rating for piston-engined single-engine airplanes not classified as high performance airplanes, a class rating for TMG or a type rating for single-engine helicopters in accordance with point DTO.GEN.110(a)(2)(c) of Annex VIII (Part-DTO) may take the training course at a DTO. The type rating training shall include the mandatory training elements for the corresponding type as defined in the operational suitability data established in accordance with Annex I (Part-21) to Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.
The applicant for a class or type rating shall pass a theoretical knowledge examination conducted by the ATO to demonstrate the level of theoretical knowledge required for the safe operation of the class or type of aircraft concerned.
  1. For multi-pilot aircraft, the theoretical knowledge examination shall be in writing and shall include at least 100 multiple-choice questions evenly distributed over the major topics of the syllabus.
  2. For single-pilot multi-engine aircraft, the theoretical knowledge examination is written and the number of multiple-choice questions is based on the complexity of the aircraft.
  3. For single-engine aircraft, the theoretical knowledge examination shall be conducted orally by the examiner during the practical examination to determine whether a satisfactory level of knowledge has been achieved.
  4. For single-pilot aircraft classified as high performance, the examination shall be in writing and shall include at least 100 multiple-choice questions that adequately cover all subject areas of the syllabus.
  5. For single-pilot single-engine aircraft and single-pilot multi-engine aircraft (seaplanes), the examination shall be in writing and shall include at least 30 multiple-choice questions.
The applicant for a class or type rating shall take a skill test in accordance with Appendix 9 to this Part to demonstrate the practical skills required for the safe operation of that class or type of aircraft. The applicant shall take the practical examination within a period of 6 months after the start of the class or type rating course and within a period of 6 months before the application for the class or type rating.
Applicants who already hold a type rating to operate either a single-pilot or a multi-pilot aircraft type shall be deemed to have already met the theoretical knowledge requirements when they apply for the addition of the right to operate the other type on the same aircraft type. These applicants shall complete additional flight training for the other form of operation with an ATO or an AOC holder specifically approved for such training by the competent authority. The form of operation is entered in the license.
Notwithstanding the preceding paragraphs, pilots who hold a flight test rating issued under FCL.820 and who have participated in developmental, certification, or production flight tests for an aircraft type and have completed either 50 hours of total flight time or 10 hours of flight time as PIC in technical test flights in that type are eligible to apply for issuance of the applicable type rating provided they meet the experience requirements and the conditions for issuance of that type rating, as specified in this section, for the applicable aircraft category. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
Applicants for the acquisition of a class rating for TMG who are also holders of an SPL in accordance with Annex III (Part-SFCL) of the Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976, which also includes rights to drive TMG, shall do so with regard to the requirements in items (a), (b) and (c) fully credited.

VO/EU 2011/1178 consolidated version v. 08.09.2021

FCL.725.A Theory and flight instruction for the issue of class and type ratings. - Airplanes

Unless otherwise specified in the operational suitability data set out in Annex I (Part-21) to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

  1. The training course for the single-pilot seaplane rating must include theory and flight instruction and
  2. the flight training for a class or type rating “seaplane” for Seaplanes with a pilot must have at least 8 hours of flight training with Flight instructors, if the applicants are holders of the land version of the relevant class or type rating, or 10 hours if the applicants do not hold a such authorization are, and
for single-pilot technically complex non-high performance aircraft, single-pilot technically complex high performance aircraft, and multi-pilot aircraft, that the training courses must include UPRT theory and flight instruction appropriate to the class or type-specific characteristics.

VO/EU 2011/1178 consolidated version v. 08.09.2021

FCL.740 Validity and renewal of class and type ratings

  1. The validity period of class and type ratings is 1 year, except for single-pilot single-engine aircraft class ratings, for which the validity period is 2 years, unless otherwise specified in the operational suitability data (OSD). If pilots elect to meet the renewal requirements earlier than prescribed in FCL.740.A, FCL.740.H, FCL.740.PL, and FCL.740.As, the new period of validity begins on the date of the proficiency check.
  2. Applicants for renewal of a class or type rating shall receive full credit for the proficiency check required by this section provided they complete the practical EBT assessment in accordance with appendix 10 with an operator who has implemented EBT for the applicable class or type rating. (b) Renewal. If a class or type rating has expired, the applicant must: (1) complete refresher training with an ATO when necessary to achieve the level of proficiency required to safely operate the applicable class or type of aircraft; and (2) complete a proficiency check in accordance with appendix 9 to this part.
To renew a class or type rating, applicants must meet all of the following requirements:
    1. In order for a determination to be made as to whether applicants need refresher training to achieve the level of proficiency required to safely operate the aircraft, they must complete an assessment with one of the following organizations:
        (i) at an ATO,
        (ii) at a DTO or ATO, if the expired rating was a class rating for single-engine piston aircraft not classified as high performance, a class rating for TMG, or a type rating for single-engine helicopters in accordance with point DTO.GEN.110(a)(2)(c) of Annex VIII;
        (iii) with a DTO, an ATO, or an instructor rating, if the rating expired no more than three years previously and the rating was a class rating for single-engine piston aircraft not classified as high performance or a class rating for TMG;
        (iv) with an EBT operator specifically approved to provide such refresher training.
    2. If deemed necessary by the organization or instructor who conducted the assessment under #1, they must complete refresher training with that organization or instructor.
    3. After complying with number 1 and, if applicable, number 2, they must pass a proficiency check in accordance with Appendix 9 or complete a practical EBT assessment in accordance with Appendix 10. The hands-on EBT assessment may be combined with the refresher training in number 2.

    Notwithstanding paragraphs (b)(1), (2), and (3), pilots who hold a test flight rating issued under point FCL.820 and who have participated in development, certification, or production test flights for an aircraft type and have completed either 50 hours of total flight time or 10 hours of flight time as PIC in test flights on that type in the year preceding their application are eligible to apply for extension or renewal of the applicable type rating. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

    Applicants shall be exempt from the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section provided that they hold a valid rating for the same class or type of aircraft endorsed on a pilot certificate issued by a third country in accordance with Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention and provided that they are entitled to exercise the privileges of that rating.

Pilots who leave an operator’s EBT program after failing to demonstrate an acceptable level of competency under that EBT program may not exercise the privileges of that type rating until they have met one of the following conditions:
  1. You have completed a practical EBT assessment in accordance with Appendix 10.
  2. You have passed a proficiency check in accordance with item FCL.625(c)(3) or item FCL.740(b)(3). In this case, items FCL.625(b)(4) and FCL.740(a)(2) do not apply.

VO/EU 2011/1178 consolidated version v. 08.09.2021

FCL.740A Renewal of class and type ratings - airplanes

Renewal of type ratings and class ratings for multi-engine aircraft. For the renewal of type ratings and class ratings for multi-engine aircraft, the applicant shall:
To renew a class or type rating, applicants must meet all of the following requirements:
  1. In order for a determination to be made as to whether applicants need refresher training to achieve the level of proficiency required to safely operate the aircraft, they must complete an assessment with one of the following organizations:
    (i) at an ATO,
    (ii) at a DTO or ATO, if the expired rating was a class rating for single-engine piston aircraft not classified as high performance, a class rating for TMG, or a type rating for single-engine helicopters in accordance with point DTO.GEN.110(a)(2)(c) of Annex VIII;
    (iii) with a DTO, an ATO, or an instructor rating, if the rating expired no more than three years previously and the rating was a class rating for single-engine piston aircraft not classified as high performance or a class rating for TMG;
    (iv) with an EBT operator specifically approved to provide such refresher training.
  • If deemed necessary by the organization or instructor who conducted the assessment under #1, they must complete refresher training with that organization or instructor.
  • After complying with number 1 and, if applicable, number 2, they must pass a proficiency check in accordance with Appendix 9 or complete a practical EBT assessment in accordance with Appendix 10. The hands-on EBT assessment may be combined with the refresher training in number 2.
  • Notwithstanding paragraphs (b)(1), (2), and (3), pilots who hold a test flight rating issued under point FCL.820 and who have participated in development, certification, or production test flights for an aircraft type and have completed either 50 hours of total flight time or 10 hours of flight time as PIC in test flights on that type in the year preceding their application are eligible to apply for extension or renewal of the applicable type rating. Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

    Applicants shall be exempt from the requirements of paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section provided that they hold a valid rating for the same class or type of aircraft endorsed on a pilot certificate issued by a third country in accordance with Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention and provided that they are entitled to exercise the privileges of that rating.

    Applicants who fail to pass a proficiency check in all sections before the expiration date of a class or type rating shall not exercise the privileges of that rating until they have passed the proficiency check.

    VO/EU 2011/1178 consolidated version v. 08.09.2021

    FCL.800 Aerobatic rating

    Holders of a pilot license for airplanes, TMG or gliders may only undertake aerobatic flights if they hold the appropriate rating.
    Applicants for an aerobatic rating must have completed the following: (1) After issuance of the license, at least 30 hours of flight time as PIC in aircraft or TMG, (2) A training course at a DTO or ATO that includes the following: (i) theoretical instruction appropriate for eligibility; (ii) A minimum of 5 hours of aerobatic instruction in powered aircraft or TMG.
    The privileges associated with an aerobatic rating are limited to aerobatics in either powered airplanes or powered TMGs, depending on the aircraft on which the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) and paragraph (b)(2)(ii) have been met. This restriction will be waived upon application when a pilot has successfully completed at least 3 instructor-led training flights covering the full aerobatic curriculum in powered airplanes or TMGs.
    Applicants for an aerobatic rating who already hold a TMG class rating and glider aerobatic advanced privileges in accordance with item SFCL.200(d) in Annex III (Part-SFCL) of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1976,
    1. are not subject to the limitation set out in item (c) specified limitation of their aerobatic rating to aircraft provided they meet the requirements of item (b)(1) and point (b)(2)(ii) have been met on aircraft; or
    2. Receive full credit toward the requirements under item (b) for the issue of an aerobatic rating restricted to TMG in powered flight. This restriction will be lifted upon request if the pilot completes training under item (c) has completed.

    VO/EU 2011/1178 consolidated version v. 08.09.2021

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